"Konstruct" - KDE build System !

Dieses Thema im Forum "KDE" wurde erstellt von devilz, 26.01.2003.

  1. devilz

    devilz Pro*phet

    Dabei seit:
    Konstruct ist ein Build System, das auch KDE 3.1rc6 auf den Desktop installiert ... und das easy :)


    "Konstruct" is a build system which helps you to install KDE releases and
    applications on your system. It downloads defined source tarballs, checks
    their integrity, decompresses, patches, configures, builds and installs them.

    A complete KDE installation should be as easy as "cd meta/kde;make install"
    which with this version gives a complete KDE 3.1rc6 installation. Optionally
    you can install additional applications like KOffice 1.2.1, KDevelop 2.1.4
    or Quanta 3.1 too, just run for example "cd apps/koffice ; make install".

    By default "Konstruct" installs to ~/kde3.1-rc6 which means you don't have to
    possess root privileges or risk to damage your system or affect another KDE.

    The following table shows how many MBytes source tarballs will be downloaded:

    Directory/Target | Size | Description
    kde/kdebase | 40MB | Desktop with browser, editor and terminal
    meta/kmail-crypto | 48MB | Above plus kdenetwork and crypto libraries
    meta/kde | 105MB | All packages and dependencies of "KDE 3.1"
    meta/everything | 159MB | Everything except i18n/ and kdebindings

    If you have already Qt 3.1 installed, define variable HAVE_QT_3_1_INSTALLED
    (see "Configuration") and subtract 12 MB from the numbers in every column.

    If you want to have KDE localized into your native language, look into the
    i18n/ directory, change to your language directory and start "make install".
    To localize KOffice, install an i18n/koffice-i18n-<language-code> package.

    "Konstruct" initiated by binner@kde.org is based on the GAR ports system by
    Nick Moffitt (http://www.lnx-bbc.org/garchitecture.html) and is inspired by
    GARNOME distribution by Jeff Waugh (http://www.gnome.org/~jdub/garnome/).

    A working GNU tool chain (gcc, make, flex, bison, gettext, patch etc.).
    Additional gzip and bzip2, md5sum, wget.

    Some basic libraries and some other libraries enabling additional functionality
    are not included in "Konstruct", read http://promo.kde.org/kde31_reqs.php. Note
    that you may have to install separate "-dev" or "-devel" packages for them too.

    If you use a SuSE 8.1 distribution you might be interested in "Detektive", a
    simple script which checks and tells which rpm packages of your distribution
    you have not installed meet these preconditions: Run "cd misc/detektive;make".
    I'm interested in any help to extend "Detektive" to other distributions.

    Change gar.conf.mk to your liking. Some useful options are:

    FILE_SITES If you have already downloaded source tarballs add the path here.

    prefix Where to install your KDE desktop. The default is ~/kde3.1-rc6/ .

    OWN_CFLAGS Allows you to specify compiler flags specific to your CPU.

    HAVE_QT_3_1_INSTALLED Set this if you have already Qt 3.1 (including moc,
    uic and headers) installed and want to skip Qt installation.

    BUILD_CLEAN Set this if you're low on available file system space.

    Be sure that you have a live internet connection. Choose a target and change
    to the directory which helds its definition, e.g. "cd kde/kdebase". Now run
    make with one of the following targets, usually you only need "make install".

    The GAR system provides seven basic targets for each package:

    This target downloads all files and patches needed to compile the package.
    Typically this is a single tarball, accompanied by occasional patch files.

    Uses md5sum to ensure that the downloaded files match those with which the
    package maintainer worked.

    Makes sure that all of the necessary source files are available in a working
    directory. In some cases (such as when downloading a single C++ source file)
    this will simply copy files over.

    If the package has to be patched (either via third-party patches or package
    maintainer patches), this target will perform that step.

    Configures the package as specified in the Makefile. It will typically run
    the package's underlying configuration system (such as autoconf or Imake).

    Performs the actual step of compilation.

    Puts files in the proper locations and performs any necessary mop-up work.

    These targets are named after their counterparts in the BSD Ports system and
    behave in the same manner. If you want to install a package you have to enter
    the package's or target's directory and to run "make install" or "make patch"
    (just two examples). A later target includes all the previously listed ones.

    For every target exists a deep-foo variant which will also call it recursively
    for all its dependencies, e.g. with "make deep-checksum" you can download all
    required source tarballs and build it later (when you have no net connection).

    After installation
    After installation you have to set some variables allowing your system to find
    KDE binaries and libraries and KDE to allow to find its own files, for Bash:

    export QTDIR=~/kde3.1-rc6
    export KDEDIR=~/kde3.1-rc6

    export LD_LIBRARY_PATH=~/kde3.1-rc6/lib
    export PATH=~/kde3.1-rc6/bin:$PATH

    Setting KDEHOME too, e.g. "export KDEHOME=~/.kdetest", will tell KDE to save
    your settings to this directory and leave default ~/.kde directory unaffected.

    On shadow password systems you have to set $(prefix)/bin/kcheckpass SUID root
    or SGID shadow - otherwise you will not be able to unlock a locked desktop.

    The complete KDE desktop is started with "startkde", most distributions start
    it if you set it to the WINDOWMANAGER variable in your shell initializations.

    How to get latest version
    You must have the cvs client installed, then run in a shell:

    cvs -z3 -d:pserver:anonymous@anoncvs.kde.org:/home/kde co kdenonbeta/konstruct

    No need to checkout any parent directory or run "make -f Makefile.cvs". You can
    move the "konstruct" directory to where you want and delete "kdenonbeta" after.

    To update your "Konstruct" checkout or the released tarballs, change to the
    "konstruct" directory and run "cvs up -dP".

    Redistribution and/or use, with or without modification, is permitted. This
    software is without warranty of any kind. The author(s) shall not be liable
    in the event that use of the software causes damage.
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