kein Zugriff von Windows auf Samba freigaben

Dieses Thema im Forum "Samba" wurde erstellt von andylinux, 26.07.2007.

  1. #1 andylinux, 26.07.2007
    andylinux

    andylinux Routinier

    Dabei seit:
    20.10.2003
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    315
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    0
    Ort:
    Recklinghausen
    Hi Leute,

    das Problem liegt darin, dass nicht auf meinen Drucker und meine Ordner zugegriffen werden kann. Ich habe schon recherchiert und die Datei entsprechend geändert. Ich frage mich was das noch falsch ist.

    Hier mal meine smb.conf

    Code:
    #======================= Global Settings =======================
    
    [global]
    
    ## Browsing/Identification ###
    
    # Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
       workgroup = LAN
    
    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
       server string = %h server (Samba, Ubuntu)
    
    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
    # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable its WINS Server
    ;   wins support = no
    
    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
    # Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
    ;   wins server = w.x.y.z
    
    # This will prevent nmbd to search for NetBIOS names through DNS.
       dns proxy = no
    
    # What naming service and in what order should we use to resolve host names
    # to IP addresses
    ;   name resolve order = lmhosts host wins bcast
    
    #### Networking ####
    
    # The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
    # This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
    # interface names are normally preferred
    ;   interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0
    
    # Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
    # 'interfaces' option above to use this.
    # It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
    # not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself.  However, this
    # option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
    ;   bind interfaces only = true
    
    
    
    #### Debugging/Accounting ####
    
    # This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
    # that connects
       log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
    
    # Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
       max log size = 1000
    
    # If you want Samba to only log through syslog then set the following
    # parameter to 'yes'.
    ;   syslog only = no
    
    # We want Samba to log a minimum amount of information to syslog. Everything
    # should go to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd} instead. If you want to log
    # through syslog you should set the following parameter to something higher.
       syslog = 0
    
    # Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
       panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d
    
    
    ####### Authentication #######
    
    # "security = user" is always a good idea. This will require a Unix account
    # in this server for every user accessing the server. See
    # /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/ServerType.html
    # in the samba-doc package for details.
       security = share
    
    # You may wish to use password encryption.  See the section on
    # 'encrypt passwords' in the smb.conf(5) manpage before enabling.
       encrypt passwords = true
    
    # If you are using encrypted passwords, Samba will need to know what
    # password database type you are using.  
       passdb backend = tdbsam
    
       obey pam restrictions = yes
    
       guest account = nobody
       invalid users = root
    
    # This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
    # password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
    # passdb is changed.
    ;   unix password sync = no
    
    # For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
    # parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<kahan@informatik.tu-muenchen.de> for
    # sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
       passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
       passwd chat = *Enter\snew\sUNIX\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\sUNIX\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .
    
    # This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
    # when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
    # 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
    ;   pam password change = no
    
    ########## Domains ###########
    
    # Is this machine able to authenticate users. Both PDC and BDC
    # must have this setting enabled. If you are the BDC you must
    # change the 'domain master' setting to no
    #
    ;   domain logons = yes
    #
    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the location of the user's profile directory
    # from the client point of view)
    # The following required a [profiles] share to be setup on the
    # samba server (see below)
    ;   logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
    # Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
    ;   logon path = \\%N\%U\profile
    
    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
    # point of view)
    ;   logon drive = H:
    ;   logon home = \\%N\%U
    
    # The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
    # It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
    # in the [netlogon] share
    # NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
    ;   logon script = logon.cmd
    
    # This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
    # RPC pipe.  The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
    # password; please adapt to your needs
    ; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u
    
    ########## Printing ##########
    
    # If you want to automatically load your printer list rather
    # than setting them up individually then you'll need this
       load printers = yes
    
    # lpr(ng) printing. You may wish to override the location of the
    # printcap file
    ;   printing = bsd
    ;   printcap name = /etc/printcap
    
    # CUPS printing.  See also the cupsaddsmb(8) manpage in the
    # cupsys-client package.
       printing = cups
       printcap name = cups
    
    # When using [print$], root is implicitly a 'printer admin', but you can
    # also give this right to other users to add drivers and set printer
    # properties
       printer admin = @lpadmin
    
    
    ############ Misc ############
    
    # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
    # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
    # of the machine that is connecting
    ;   include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m
    
    # Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
    # See smb.conf(5) and /usr/share/doc/samba-doc/htmldocs/Samba3-HOWTO/speed.html
    # for details
    # You may want to add the following on a Linux system:
    #         SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
       socket options = TCP_NODELAY
    
    # The following parameter is useful only if you have the linpopup package
    # installed. The samba maintainer and the linpopup maintainer are
    # working to ease installation and configuration of linpopup and samba.
    ;   message command = /bin/sh -c '/usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s' &
    
    # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. If this
    # machine will be configured as a BDC (a secondary logon server), you
    # must set this to 'no'; otherwise, the default behavior is recommended.
    ;   domain master = auto
    
    # Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
    # for something else.)
    ;   idmap uid = 10000-20000
    ;   idmap gid = 10000-20000
    ;   template shell = /bin/bash
    
    #======================= Share Definitions =======================
    
    # Un-comment the following (and tweak the other settings below to suit)
    # to enable the default home directory shares.  This will share each
    # user's home directory as \\server\username
    [homes]
       comment = Home Directories
       browseable = no
    
    # By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
    # with access to the samba server.  Un-comment the following parameter
    # to make sure that only "username" can connect to \\server\username
       valid users = %S
    
    # By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change next
    # parameter to 'yes' if you want to be able to write to them.
       writable = no
    
    # File creation mask is set to 0600 for security reasons. If you want to
    # create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0664.
       create mask = 0600
    
    # Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
    # create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
       directory mask = 0700
    
    # Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
    # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
    ;[netlogon]
    ;   comment = Network Logon Service
    ;   path = /home/samba/netlogon
    ;   guest ok = yes
    ;   writable = no
    ;   share modes = no
    
    # Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
    # users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
    # (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
    # The path below should be writable by all users so that their
    # profile directory may be created the first time they log on
    ;[profiles]
    ;   comment = Users profiles
    ;   path = /home/samba/profiles
    ;   guest ok = no
    ;   browseable = no
    ;   create mask = 0600
    ;   directory mask = 0700
    
    wins support = no
    [printers]
       comment = All Printers
       browseable = yes
       path = /var/spool/samba
       printable = yes
       public = yes
       writable = yes
       create mode = 0700
    
    # Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
    # printer drivers
    [print$]
       comment = Printer Drivers
       path = /var/lib/samba/printers
       browseable = yes
       read only = no
       guest ok = yes
    # Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
    # Replace 'ntadmin' with the name of the group your admin users are
    # members of.
       write list = root, @LAN
    
    # A sample share for sharing your CD-ROM with others.
    ;[cdrom]
    ;   comment = Samba server's CD-ROM
    ;   writable = no
    ;   locking = no
    ;   path = /cdrom
    ;   public = yes
    
    # The next two parameters show how to auto-mount a CD-ROM when the
    #	cdrom share is accesed. For this to work /etc/fstab must contain
    #	an entry like this:
    #
    #       /dev/scd0   /cdrom  iso9660 defaults,noauto,ro,user   0 0
    #
    # The CD-ROM gets unmounted automatically after the connection to the
    #
    # If you don't want to use auto-mounting/unmounting make sure the CD
    #	is mounted on /cdrom
    #
    ;   preexec = /bin/mount /cdrom
    ;   postexec = /bin/umount /cdrom
    
    
    [Shared]
    path = /home/andy/Shared
    available = yes
    browsable = yes
    public = yes
    writable = yes
    comment = Frei liesbar
    
    [Shared2]
    path = /home/andy/Shared2
    comment = saugen
    available = yes
    browsable = yes
    public = yes
    writable = yes
    
    
     
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  3. #2 sim4000, 26.07.2007
    sim4000

    sim4000 Lebende Foren Legende

    Dabei seit:
    12.04.2006
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    In meinem Zimmer
    Mit was versuchst du auf die Freigaben zuzugreifen?
    Mit Vista gabs glaub ich mal Probleme. Weil die Leute vom MS die Protokolle geändert haben....
     
  4. #3 drfreak2004, 26.07.2007
    drfreak2004

    drfreak2004 Guest

    die user hast aber schon mit smbpassword - a und -e angelegt und aktiviert ? vista macht null probs wenn man die business oder ultimate nimmt
     
  5. #4 sim4000, 26.07.2007
    sim4000

    sim4000 Lebende Foren Legende

    Dabei seit:
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    In meinem Zimmer
    Mit na home-premium und na Samba Version von
    Code:
    kompaktes:/home/sim4000 # smbd --version
    Version 3.0.23d-6-1083-SUSE-SL10.2
    Kam ich nich auf meine Linux-Kiste drauf...
     
  6. #5 andylinux, 26.07.2007
    andylinux

    andylinux Routinier

    Dabei seit:
    20.10.2003
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    ne die user hab ich nicht angelegt, ich dachte (winXP) die user können ohne anmeldung zugreifen
     
  7. #6 drfreak2004, 26.07.2007
    Zuletzt von einem Moderator bearbeitet: 26.07.2007
    drfreak2004

    drfreak2004 Guest

    ne du musst um es richtig zu machen die user unter linux anlegen mit password und dann eir oben beschrieben anlegen.

    Code:
    # Samba config file created using SWAT
    # from 192.168.2.161 (192.168.2.161)
    # Date: 2007/06/04 18:38:01
    
    [global]
            workgroup = dein domainname
            server string = so steht es dann unter windows
            update encrypted = Yes
            map to guest = Bad User
            passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
            passwd chat = *password* %n\n *password* %n\n *sussessfull*
            password level = 4
            unix password sync = Yes
            name resolve order = lshosts
            time server = Yes
            keepalive = 600
            printcap name = cups
            add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd  -c Machine -d /var/lib/nobody -s /bin/false %m$
            logon script = %U.bat
            logon path = \\%L\profiles\%U
            logon home = \\%L\profiles\%U
            domain logons = Yes
            os level = 255
            preferred master = Yes
            domain master = Yes
            wins proxy = Yes
            wins support = Yes
            ldap ssl = no
            hosts allow = 192.168.2.0/24
            cups options = raw
            dos filetime resolution = Yes
    
    [netlogon]
            comment = Network Logon Service
            path = /home/netlogon
            write list = ntadmin
    
    [profiles]
            comment = User Profiles
            path = /var/lib/samba/profiles/
            read only = No
            root preexec = PROFILE=/var/lib/samba/profiles/%U; if [ ! -e $PROFILE ]; then mkdir -pm700 $PROFILE; chown %U:%G $PROFILE; fi
    
    [users]
            comment = All users
            path = /home
            read only = No
            inherit acls = Yes
            veto files = /aquota.user/groups/shares/
    
    [groups]
            comment = All groups
            path = /home/groups
            read only = No
            inherit acls = Yes
    
    [printers]
            comment = All Printers
            path = /var/tmp
            create mask = 0600
            printable = Yes
            browseable = No
    
    [print$]
            comment = Printer Drivers
            path = /var/lib/samba/drivers
            write list = @ntadmin, root
            force group = ntadmin
            create mask = 0664
            directory mask = 0775
    
    
    [beispiel user home freigabe]
            comment = username
            path = /home/user/username
            invalid users = wer darf nicht
            valid users = deine user
            admin users = deine user
            read list = deine user
            write list = deine user
    
    
    [beispiel ordnerfreigabe]
            path = /home/user/internet
            valid users = deine user
            admin users = deine user
            read list = deine user
            write list = deine user
    
    [ml1520]
            comment = Samsung ML-1520
            path = /var/tmp
            read only = No
            create mask = 0600
            guest ok = Yes
            printable = Yes
            printer name = ml1520
            oplocks = No
            share modes = No
    
    [homes]
            valid users = %S
            read only = No
            browseable = No
    
    [officejet5600series]
            comment = HP Officejet 5600 series
            path = /var/tmp
            read only = No
            create mask = 0600
            guest ok = Yes
            printable = Yes
            printer name = officejet5600series
            oplocks = No
            share modes = No
    
    mit dieser smb.conf werden die pc automatisch beim einbinden in die domain angelegt. auch ein profilspeicher ordner wird für jeden user automatisch geladen also eigene dateien.

    viel spass
     
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  9. #7 sim4000, 26.07.2007
    Zuletzt bearbeitet: 26.07.2007
    sim4000

    sim4000 Lebende Foren Legende

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    Und wenn das ganze ohne Userlogin gehen soll musst du noch in den [global]-Teil
    Code:
    security = share
    einbauen. User musst du aber trotzdem anlegen.

    //edit
    Man mach ich hier im moment mist... :D
    Man ich weiss es nicht... Mal stehts so im Netz, aml anders. Im meiner *.conf ists im [global]-Teil
    Hier:
    Code:
    [global]
            workgroup = BLECHNET
            printcap name = cups
            cups options = raw
            map to guest = Bad User
            include = /etc/samba/dhcp.conf
            logon path = \\%L\profiles\.msprofile
            logon home = \\%L\%U\.9xprofile
            logon drive = P:
            usershare allow guests = No
            add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd  -c Machine -d /var/lib/nobody -s /bin/false %m$
            domain master = No
            restrict anonymous = no
            server string = Freigaben von Kompaktes
            max protocol = NT
            acl compatibility = winnt
            ldap ssl = No
            server signing = Auto
            domain logons = No
            security = user
    
    [profiles]
            comment = Network Profiles Service
            path = %H
            read only = No
            store dos attributes = Yes
            create mask = 0600
            directory mask = 0700
    
    [users]
            comment = All users
            path = /home
            read only = No
            inherit acls = Yes
            veto files = /aquota.user/groups/shares/
    
    [groups]
            comment = All groups
            path = /home/groups
            read only = No
            inherit acls = Yes
    
    [printers]
            comment = All Printers
            path = /var/tmp
            printable = Yes
            create mask = 0600
            browseable = No
    
    [print$]
            comment = Printer Drivers
            path = /var/lib/samba/drivers
            write list = @ntadmin root
            force group = ntadmin
            create mask = 0664
            directory mask = 0775
    
    [www]
            comment = htdocs from kompaktes
            path = /srv/www/htdocs
            read only = No
            inherit acls = Yes
            veto files = /aquota.user/groups/shares/
     
  10. #8 quaddy, 24.09.2007
    Zuletzt bearbeitet: 24.09.2007
    quaddy

    quaddy Grünschnabel

    Dabei seit:
    24.09.2007
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    0
    Hallo!

    Um nicht einen neuen Thread zu erstellen schreib ich einfach hier weiter:

    Ich habe meinen Linux Client (Debian 4.0 Etch) in eine Windows Domäne eingehängt. Der Login funktioniert nun auch über die Domainaccounts, da ich die per Winbind überprüfe. Meine smb.conf sieht folgendermaßen aus:

    Code:
    #
    # /etc/samba/smb.conf - config file for Samba
    #
    [global]
    	workgroup = X
    	netbios name = BA-SERVER-003-1
    	netbios aliases = BA-SERVER-003-1
    	realm = X.X.DE
    	security = DOMAIN
    	password server = X
    	server string = BA-SERVER-003-1
    	wins support = yes
    	dns proxy = no
    	log file = /tmp/samba_log.%m
    	max log size = 1000
    	syslog = 0
    	panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d
    	idmap uid = 15000-20000
    	idmap gid = 15000-20000
    	template shell = /bin/bash
    	template homedir = /home-ads/%D/%U
    	winbind separator = /
    	winbind use default domain = yes
    	winbind enum users = yes
    	winbind enum groups = yes
    	winbind cache time = 15
    	winbind uid = 15000-20000
    	winbind gid = 15000-20000
    	use sendfile = yes
    	obey pam restrictions = yes
    	interfaces = 192.168.100.41/255.255.255.0
    	bind interfaces only = yes
    	invalid users = root
    	passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
    	passwd chat = *Enter\snew\sUNIX\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\sUNIX\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .
    	socket options = TCP_NODELAY 
    
    [printers]
    	comment = All Printers
    	browseable = no
    	path = /var/spool/samba
    	printable = yes
    	public = no
    	writable = no
    	create mode = 0700 
    
    [print$]
    	comment = Printer Drivers
    	path = /var/lib/samba/printers
    	browseable = yes
    	read only = yes
    	guest ok = no 
    
    [homes]
    	path = /home-ads/%D/%U
    	comment = Home Directories
    	browseable = no
    	read only = No
    	create mask = 0755
    	directory mask = 0775
    	valid users = %D/%S
    	writeable = yes 
    
    [data]
    	comment = Tomcat Verzeichnisse
    	valid users = brand
    	writeable = yes
    	path = /data
    	browseable = no 
    
    [pdf]
    	valid users = pdf
    	writeable = yes
    	path = /home/pdf
    	browseable = no
    
    Wenn ich mich direkt auf dem Rechner mit meinem Domänenuser einlogge funktioniert alles prima - auch über Windows. Mein Homeverzeichnis wird angelegt falls ich noch keines habe und ich kann darauf zugreifen.

    Die expliziten Freigaben [data] und [pdf] funktionieren leider nicht! Und das ist mein Problem.

    Wenn ich unter Windows die Freigabe direkt als Laufwerk mappen möchte frägt er zwar nach Benutzer und Passwortkennung, doch der lokal angelegte Benutzer 'brand' und, wenn ich valid users = meinen domänenbenutzer einstelle, wird nicht angenommen.

    Das Userpasswort per smbpasswd zu setzen is auch recht unnütz und funktioniert glaub ich garnicht, da die User ja von dem Domänencontroller gelesen werden.

    Wäre dankbar für jede Hilfe :)

    Grüße,
    quaddy
    .
    .
    .
    EDIT (autom. Beitragszusammenführung) :
    .

    Hi,

    mein Problem hat sich so eben gelöst :)

    Für alle die das selbe Problem haben:
    In Windows muss bei der Benutzeranmeldung SERVERNAME\User stehen dass Samba bzw Winbind weiß es ist ein lokaler User :)

    Grüße
     
Thema: kein Zugriff von Windows auf Samba freigaben
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