WLAN ok, aber WAP will nicht.

Dieses Thema im Forum "Internet, lokale Netzwerke und Wireless Lan" wurde erstellt von tzzaetaynzz, 02.07.2006.

  1. #1 tzzaetaynzz, 02.07.2006
    tzzaetaynzz

    tzzaetaynzz Tripel-As

    Dabei seit:
    31.01.2004
    Beiträge:
    153
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    0
    Hallo an alle,

    ich habe eine SMC Wireless Karte und einen Synergy21 DSL/WLAN Router.
    Mit beiden Teilen bin ich zufrieden.
    Die Karte kann ich - ohne WPA - problemlos mit dem Router nutzen.

    Leider surfe ich ungeschützt ...

    Meine Konfiguration ist jene:

    kernel 2.6.16-1
    madwifi-0.9.0-23
    madwifi-hal-kmdl-2.6.16-1
    madwifi-kmdl-2.6.16-1
    wpa_supplicant-0.4.8-10

    Router hat die IP: 192.168.0.1
    Enable AP: yes
    Country Standard: Europe
    Channel: 1
    SSID: julsonne.de
    Domain: ETSI
    Beacon Period: 200
    DTIM Period: 2
    RTS Threshold: 2347
    Frag Threshold: 2346
    Power Level: 50%
    b/g Mode: 11g only
    Hidden SSID: no
    WPA: aktiv
    PSK: 04d6324f5cdc8ca7457140f39f11f7b844e31d5edab044032d8ebabb7cc5a19

    Ich gehe so vor:

    Code:
    [root@emma ~]# ifconfig ath0 192.168.0.99 up 
    
    Eigentlich ist ist auf dem Router DHCP aktiv, aber ich kann mir nicht vorstellen, dass eine WPA Verbindung ohne IP-Adresse möglich ist,
    andererseits glaube ich nicht, dass meine NIC eine IP-Adresse zugewiesen bekommt,
    wenn sie nicht berechtigt ist, am WLAN teilzunehmen.
    Teufelskreis und Unwissenheit.
    Code:
    [root@emma ~]# iwconfig
    lo        no wireless extensions.
    
    eth0      no wireless extensions.
    
    wifi0     no wireless extensions.
    
    ath0      IEEE 802.11g  ESSID:""
              Mode:Managed  Frequency:2.422 GHz  Access Point: Not-Associated
              Bit Rate:0 kb/s   Tx-Power:17 dBm   Sensitivity=0/3
              Retry:off   RTS thr:off   Fragment thr:off
              Encryption key:off
              Power Management:off
              Link Quality=0/94  Signal level=-95 dBm  Noise level=-95 dBm
              Rx invalid nwid:0  Rx invalid crypt:0  Rx invalid frag:0
              Tx excessive retries:0  Invalid misc:0   Missed beacon:0
    
    sit0      no wireless extensions.
    
    In meiner wpa_supplicant.conf steht:
    Code:
    ctrl_interface=/var/run/wpa_supplicant
    ctrl_interface_group=wheel
    
    ap_scan=2
    
    network={
            ssid="julsonne.de"
            key_mgmt=WPA-PSK
            proto=WPA
            #proto=RSN
            #psk="mnl6WvbIoO"
      			psk=04d6324f5cdc8ca7457140f39f11f7b844e31d5edab044032d8ebabb7cc5a191
    }
    
    Auffallend ist: In der wpa_supplicant.conf steht ein 64 Zeichen String (PSK), mein Router kann aber nur im Feld PSK String 63 Zeichen aufnehmen, die 1 schneidet er einfach ab.
    Die network Sektion habe ich teilweise mit wpa_passphrase erstelle, wie in diversen How-Tos beschrieben. Immer erhalte ich ein 64 Zeichen String.

    Nun starte ich eine WPA Verbindung:

    Code:
    [root@emma ~]# wpa_supplicant -dd -Dmadwifi -iath0 -c/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf
    Initializing interface 'ath0' conf '/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf' driver 'madwifi' ctrl_interface 'N/A'
    Configuration file '/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf' -> '/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf'
    Reading configuration file '/etc/wpa_supplicant/wpa_supplicant.conf'
    ctrl_interface='/var/run/wpa_supplicant'
    ctrl_interface_group=10 (from group name 'wheel')
    ap_scan=2
    Line: 6 - start of a new network block
    ssid - hexdump_ascii(len=11):
         6a 75 6c 73 6f 6e 6e 65 2e 64 65                  julsonne.de
    key_mgmt: 0x2
    proto: 0x1
    PSK - hexdump(len=32): [REMOVED]
    Priority group 0
       id=0 ssid='julsonne.de'
    Initializing interface (2) 'ath0'
    EAPOL: SUPP_PAE entering state DISCONNECTED
    EAPOL: KEY_RX entering state NO_KEY_RECEIVE
    EAPOL: SUPP_BE entering state INITIALIZE
    EAP: EAP entering state DISABLED
    EAPOL: External notification - portEnabled=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portValid=0
    SIOCGIWRANGE: WE(compiled)=19 WE(source)=13 enc_capa=0xf
      capabilities: key_mgmt 0xf enc 0xf
    Own MAC address: 00:13:f7:23:f3:34
    wpa_driver_madwifi_del_key: keyidx=0
    wpa_driver_madwifi_del_key: keyidx=1
    wpa_driver_madwifi_del_key: keyidx=2
    wpa_driver_madwifi_del_key: keyidx=3
    wpa_driver_madwifi_set_countermeasures: enabled=0
    wpa_driver_madwifi_set_drop_unencrypted: enabled=1
    Setting scan request: 0 sec 100000 usec
    Added interface ath0
    Wireless event: cmd=0x8b06 len=8
    State: DISCONNECTED -> SCANNING
    Trying to associate with SSID 'julsonne.de'
    Cancelling scan request
    WPA: clearing own WPA/RSN IE
    Automatic auth_alg selection: 0x1
    WPA: No WPA/RSN IE available from association info
    WPA: Set cipher suites based on configuration
    WPA: Selected cipher suites: group 30 pairwise 24 key_mgmt 2
    WPA: clearing AP WPA IE
    WPA: clearing AP RSN IE
    WPA: using GTK CCMP
    WPA: using PTK CCMP
    WPA: using KEY_MGMT WPA-PSK
    WPA: Set own WPA IE default - hexdump(len=24): dd 16 00 50 f2 01 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 02
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    wpa_driver_madwifi_set_drop_unencrypted: enabled=1
    State: SCANNING -> ASSOCIATING
    wpa_driver_madwifi_associate
    Setting authentication timeout: 60 sec 0 usec
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP success=0
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP fail=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portControl=Auto
    Wireless event: cmd=0x8b1a len=20
    Wireless event: cmd=0x8b19 len=8
    Received 924 bytes of scan results (4 BSSes)
    Scan results: 4
    Authentication with 00:00:00:00:00:00 timed out.
    Added BSSID 00:00:00:00:00:00 into blacklist
    State: ASSOCIATING -> DISCONNECTED
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    EAPOL: External notification - portEnabled=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portValid=0
    Setting scan request: 0 sec 0 usec
    State: DISCONNECTED -> SCANNING
    Trying to associate with SSID 'julsonne.de'
    Cancelling scan request
    WPA: clearing own WPA/RSN IE
    Automatic auth_alg selection: 0x1
    WPA: No WPA/RSN IE available from association info
    WPA: Set cipher suites based on configuration
    WPA: Selected cipher suites: group 30 pairwise 24 key_mgmt 2
    WPA: clearing AP WPA IE
    WPA: clearing AP RSN IE
    WPA: using GTK CCMP
    WPA: using PTK CCMP
    WPA: using KEY_MGMT WPA-PSK
    WPA: Set own WPA IE default - hexdump(len=24): dd 16 00 50 f2 01 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 02
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    wpa_driver_madwifi_set_drop_unencrypted: enabled=1
    State: SCANNING -> ASSOCIATING
    wpa_driver_madwifi_associate
    Setting authentication timeout: 60 sec 0 usec
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP success=0
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP fail=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portControl=Auto
    Wireless event: cmd=0x8b1a len=20
    Authentication with 00:00:00:00:00:00 timed out.
    BSSID 00:00:00:00:00:00 blacklist count incremented to 2
    State: ASSOCIATING -> DISCONNECTED
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    EAPOL: External notification - portEnabled=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portValid=0
    Setting scan request: 0 sec 0 usec
    State: DISCONNECTED -> SCANNING
    Trying to associate with SSID 'julsonne.de'
    Cancelling scan request
    WPA: clearing own WPA/RSN IE
    Automatic auth_alg selection: 0x1
    WPA: No WPA/RSN IE available from association info
    WPA: Set cipher suites based on configuration
    WPA: Selected cipher suites: group 30 pairwise 24 key_mgmt 2
    WPA: clearing AP WPA IE
    WPA: clearing AP RSN IE
    WPA: using GTK CCMP
    WPA: using PTK CCMP
    WPA: using KEY_MGMT WPA-PSK
    WPA: Set own WPA IE default - hexdump(len=24): dd 16 00 50 f2 01 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 02
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    wpa_driver_madwifi_set_drop_unencrypted: enabled=1
    State: SCANNING -> ASSOCIATING
    wpa_driver_madwifi_associate
    Setting authentication timeout: 60 sec 0 usec
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP success=0
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP fail=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portControl=Auto
    Wireless event: cmd=0x8b1a len=20
    Authentication with 00:00:00:00:00:00 timed out.
    BSSID 00:00:00:00:00:00 blacklist count incremented to 3
    State: ASSOCIATING -> DISCONNECTED
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    EAPOL: External notification - portEnabled=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portValid=0
    Setting scan request: 0 sec 0 usec
    State: DISCONNECTED -> SCANNING
    Trying to associate with SSID 'julsonne.de'
    Cancelling scan request
    WPA: clearing own WPA/RSN IE
    Automatic auth_alg selection: 0x1
    WPA: No WPA/RSN IE available from association info
    WPA: Set cipher suites based on configuration
    WPA: Selected cipher suites: group 30 pairwise 24 key_mgmt 2
    WPA: clearing AP WPA IE
    WPA: clearing AP RSN IE
    WPA: using GTK CCMP
    WPA: using PTK CCMP
    WPA: using KEY_MGMT WPA-PSK
    WPA: Set own WPA IE default - hexdump(len=24): dd 16 00 50 f2 01 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 02
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    wpa_driver_madwifi_set_drop_unencrypted: enabled=1
    State: SCANNING -> ASSOCIATING
    wpa_driver_madwifi_associate
    Setting authentication timeout: 60 sec 0 usec
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP success=0
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP fail=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portControl=Auto
    Wireless event: cmd=0x8b1a len=20
    Authentication with 00:00:00:00:00:00 timed out.
    BSSID 00:00:00:00:00:00 blacklist count incremented to 4
    State: ASSOCIATING -> DISCONNECTED
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    EAPOL: External notification - portEnabled=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portValid=0
    Setting scan request: 0 sec 0 usec
    State: DISCONNECTED -> SCANNING
    Trying to associate with SSID 'julsonne.de'
    Cancelling scan request
    WPA: clearing own WPA/RSN IE
    Automatic auth_alg selection: 0x1
    WPA: No WPA/RSN IE available from association info
    WPA: Set cipher suites based on configuration
    WPA: Selected cipher suites: group 30 pairwise 24 key_mgmt 2
    WPA: clearing AP WPA IE
    WPA: clearing AP RSN IE
    WPA: using GTK CCMP
    WPA: using PTK CCMP
    WPA: using KEY_MGMT WPA-PSK
    WPA: Set own WPA IE default - hexdump(len=24): dd 16 00 50 f2 01 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 02
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    wpa_driver_madwifi_set_drop_unencrypted: enabled=1
    State: SCANNING -> ASSOCIATING
    wpa_driver_madwifi_associate
    Setting authentication timeout: 60 sec 0 usec
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP success=0
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP fail=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portControl=Auto
    Wireless event: cmd=0x8b1a len=20
    Authentication with 00:00:00:00:00:00 timed out.
    BSSID 00:00:00:00:00:00 blacklist count incremented to 5
    State: ASSOCIATING -> DISCONNECTED
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    EAPOL: External notification - portEnabled=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portValid=0
    Setting scan request: 0 sec 0 usec
    State: DISCONNECTED -> SCANNING
    Trying to associate with SSID 'julsonne.de'
    Cancelling scan request
    WPA: clearing own WPA/RSN IE
    Automatic auth_alg selection: 0x1
    WPA: No WPA/RSN IE available from association info
    WPA: Set cipher suites based on configuration
    WPA: Selected cipher suites: group 30 pairwise 24 key_mgmt 2
    WPA: clearing AP WPA IE
    WPA: clearing AP RSN IE
    WPA: using GTK CCMP
    WPA: using PTK CCMP
    WPA: using KEY_MGMT WPA-PSK
    WPA: Set own WPA IE default - hexdump(len=24): dd 16 00 50 f2 01 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 02
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    wpa_driver_madwifi_set_drop_unencrypted: enabled=1
    State: SCANNING -> ASSOCIATING
    wpa_driver_madwifi_associate
    Setting authentication timeout: 60 sec 0 usec
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP success=0
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP fail=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portControl=Auto
    Wireless event: cmd=0x8b1a len=20
    Authentication with 00:00:00:00:00:00 timed out.
    BSSID 00:00:00:00:00:00 blacklist count incremented to 6
    State: ASSOCIATING -> DISCONNECTED
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    EAPOL: External notification - portEnabled=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portValid=0
    Setting scan request: 0 sec 0 usec
    State: DISCONNECTED -> SCANNING
    Trying to associate with SSID 'julsonne.de'
    Cancelling scan request
    WPA: clearing own WPA/RSN IE
    Automatic auth_alg selection: 0x1
    WPA: No WPA/RSN IE available from association info
    WPA: Set cipher suites based on configuration
    WPA: Selected cipher suites: group 30 pairwise 24 key_mgmt 2
    WPA: clearing AP WPA IE
    WPA: clearing AP RSN IE
    WPA: using GTK CCMP
    WPA: using PTK CCMP
    WPA: using KEY_MGMT WPA-PSK
    WPA: Set own WPA IE default - hexdump(len=24): dd 16 00 50 f2 01 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 02
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    wpa_driver_madwifi_set_drop_unencrypted: enabled=1
    State: SCANNING -> ASSOCIATING
    wpa_driver_madwifi_associate
    Setting authentication timeout: 60 sec 0 usec
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP success=0
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP fail=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portControl=Auto
    Wireless event: cmd=0x8b1a len=20
    Authentication with 00:00:00:00:00:00 timed out.
    BSSID 00:00:00:00:00:00 blacklist count incremented to 7
    State: ASSOCIATING -> DISCONNECTED
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    EAPOL: External notification - portEnabled=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portValid=0
    Setting scan request: 0 sec 0 usec
    State: DISCONNECTED -> SCANNING
    Trying to associate with SSID 'julsonne.de'
    Cancelling scan request
    WPA: clearing own WPA/RSN IE
    Automatic auth_alg selection: 0x1
    WPA: No WPA/RSN IE available from association info
    WPA: Set cipher suites based on configuration
    WPA: Selected cipher suites: group 30 pairwise 24 key_mgmt 2
    WPA: clearing AP WPA IE
    WPA: clearing AP RSN IE
    WPA: using GTK CCMP
    WPA: using PTK CCMP
    WPA: using KEY_MGMT WPA-PSK
    WPA: Set own WPA IE default - hexdump(len=24): dd 16 00 50 f2 01 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 04 01 00 00 50 f2 02
    No keys have been configured - skip key clearing
    wpa_driver_madwifi_set_drop_unencrypted: enabled=1
    State: SCANNING -> ASSOCIATING
    wpa_driver_madwifi_associate
    Setting authentication timeout: 60 sec 0 usec
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP success=0
    EAPOL: External notification - EAP fail=0
    EAPOL: External notification - portControl=Auto
    Wireless event: cmd=0x8b1a len=20
    
    Was auch immer ich da lesen kann, ich verstehe nichts.
    Mir ist auch nicht klar wie eine WPA Verbindung abläuft.
    Sendet meine NIC den String (64 Zeichen) in der Hoffnung andere NICs zufinden, mit dem selben PSK (mit denen sie sich verbindent)?

    Warum eigenlich ein Passphrase (in meinem Fall: mnl6WvbIoO) -
    wann brauche ich die?

    Hoffentlich habe ich genügend Informationen gepostet.
    Gerne mehr. Freue mich über jeden Tip.
     
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WLAN ok, aber WAP will nicht.

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