OpenVPN - Server kann clients nicht erreichen.

Dieses Thema im Forum "Internet, lokale Netzwerke und Wireless Lan" wurde erstellt von Gast123, 22.11.2012.

  1. #1 Gast123, 22.11.2012
    Gast123

    Gast123 Guest

    Hallo Leute,

    ich habe ein komisches Problem.
    Ich möchte eine OpenVPN Infrastruktur mit einem zentralen Server einrichten, in der sich alle Clients sehen können.
    Dies ist meine Konfiguration:
    Code:
    #################################################
    # Sample OpenVPN 2.0 config file for            #
    # multi-client server.                          #
    #                                               #
    # This file is for the server side              #
    # of a many-clients  one-server              #
    # OpenVPN configuration.                        #
    #                                               #
    # OpenVPN also supports                         #
    # single-machine  single-machine             #
    # configurations (See the Examples page         #
    # on the web site for more info).               #
    #                                               #
    # This config should work on Windows            #
    # or Linux/BSD systems.  Remember on            #
    # Windows to quote pathnames and use            #
    # double backslashes, e.g.:                     #
    # "C:\\Program Files\\OpenVPN\\config\\foo.key" #
    #                                               #
    # Comments are preceded with '#' or ';'         #
    #################################################
    
    # Which local IP address should OpenVPN
    # listen on? (optional)
    ;local a.b.c.d
    
    # Which TCP/UDP port should OpenVPN listen on?
    # If you want to run multiple OpenVPN instances
    # on the same machine, use a different port
    # number for each one.  You will need to
    # open up this port on your firewall.
    port 1194
    
    # TCP or UDP server?
    ;proto tcp
    proto udp
    
    # "dev tun" will create a routed IP tunnel,
    # "dev tap" will create an ethernet tunnel.
    # Use "dev tap0" if you are ethernet bridging
    # and have precreated a tap0 virtual interface
    # and bridged it with your ethernet interface.
    # If you want to control access policies
    # over the VPN, you must create firewall
    # rules for the the TUN/TAP interface.
    # On non-Windows systems, you can give
    # an explicit unit number, such as tun0.
    # On Windows, use "dev-node" for this.
    # On most systems, the VPN will not function
    # unless you partially or fully disable
    # the firewall for the TUN/TAP interface.
    ;dev tap
    dev tun
    
    # Windows needs the TAP-Win32 adapter name
    # from the Network Connections panel if you
    # have more than one.  On XP SP2 or higher,
    # you may need to selectively disable the
    # Windows firewall for the TAP adapter.
    # Non-Windows systems usually don't need this.
    ;dev-node MyTap
    
    # SSL/TLS root certificate (ca), certificate
    # (cert), and private key (key).  Each client
    # and the server must have their own cert and
    # key file.  The server and all clients will
    # use the same ca file.
    #
    # See the "easy-rsa" directory for a series
    # of scripts for generating RSA certificates
    # and private keys.  Remember to use
    # a unique Common Name for the server
    # and each of the client certificates.
    #
    # Any X509 key management system can be used.
    # OpenVPN can also use a PKCS #12 formatted key file
    # (see "pkcs12" directive in man page).
    ca keys/ca.crt
    cert keys/itxbox.crt
    key keys/itxbox.key  # This file should be kept secret
    
    # Diffie hellman parameters.
    # Generate your own with:
    #   openssl dhparam -out dh1024.pem 1024
    # Substitute 2048 for 1024 if you are using
    # 2048 bit keys. 
    dh keys/dh1024.pem
    
    # Configure server mode and supply a VPN subnet
    # for OpenVPN to draw client addresses from.
    # The server will take 10.8.0.1 for itself,
    # the rest will be made available to clients.
    # Each client will be able to reach the server
    # on 10.8.0.1. Comment this line out if you are
    # ethernet bridging. See the man page for more info.
    server 10.8.0.0 255.255.255.0
    
    # Maintain a record of client  virtual IP address
    # associations in this file.  If OpenVPN goes down or
    # is restarted, reconnecting clients can be assigned
    # the same virtual IP address from the pool that was
    # previously assigned.
    ifconfig-pool-persist ipp.txt
    
    # Configure server mode for ethernet bridging.
    # You must first use your OS's bridging capability
    # to bridge the TAP interface with the ethernet
    # NIC interface.  Then you must manually set the
    # IP/netmask on the bridge interface, here we
    # assume 10.8.0.4/255.255.255.0.  Finally we
    # must set aside an IP range in this subnet
    # (start=10.8.0.50 end=10.8.0.100) to allocate
    # to connecting clients.  Leave this line commented
    # out unless you are ethernet bridging.
    ;server-bridge 10.8.0.4 255.255.255.0 10.8.0.50 10.8.0.100
    
    # Push routes to the client to allow it
    # to reach other private subnets behind
    # the server.  Remember that these
    # private subnets will also need
    # to know to route the OpenVPN client
    # address pool (10.8.0.0/255.255.255.0)
    # back to the OpenVPN server.
    ;push "route 192.168.10.0 255.255.255.0"
    ;push "route 192.168.20.0 255.255.255.0"
    
    # To assign specific IP addresses to specific
    # clients or if a connecting client has a private
    # subnet behind it that should also have VPN access,
    # use the subdirectory "ccd" for client-specific
    # configuration files (see man page for more info).
    
    # EXAMPLE: Suppose the client
    # having the certificate common name "Thelonious"
    # also has a small subnet behind his connecting
    # machine, such as 192.168.40.128/255.255.255.248.
    # First, uncomment out these lines:
    ;client-config-dir ccd
    ;route 192.168.40.128 255.255.255.248
    # Then create a file ccd/Thelonious with this line:
    #   iroute 192.168.40.128 255.255.255.248
    # This will allow Thelonious' private subnet to
    # access the VPN.  This example will only work
    # if you are routing, not bridging, i.e. you are
    # using "dev tun" and "server" directives.
    
    # EXAMPLE: Suppose you want to give
    # Thelonious a fixed VPN IP address of 10.9.0.1.
    # First uncomment out these lines:
    ;client-config-dir ccd
    ;route 10.9.0.0 255.255.255.252
    # Then add this line to ccd/Thelonious:
    #   ifconfig-push 10.9.0.1 10.9.0.2
    
    # Suppose that you want to enable different
    # firewall access policies for different groups
    # of clients.  There are two methods:
    # (1) Run multiple OpenVPN daemons, one for each
    #     group, and firewall the TUN/TAP interface
    #     for each group/daemon appropriately.
    # (2) (Advanced) Create a script to dynamically
    #     modify the firewall in response to access
    #     from different clients.  See man
    #     page for more info on learn-address script.
    ;learn-address ./script
    
    # If enabled, this directive will configure
    # all clients to redirect their default
    # network gateway through the VPN, causing
    # all IP traffic such as web browsing and
    # and DNS lookups to go through the VPN
    # (The OpenVPN server machine may need to NAT
    # the TUN/TAP interface to the internet in
    # order for this to work properly).
    # CAVEAT: May break client's network config if
    # client's local DHCP server packets get routed
    # through the tunnel.  Solution: make sure
    # client's local DHCP server is reachable via
    # a more specific route than the default route
    # of 0.0.0.0/0.0.0.0.
    ;push "redirect-gateway"
    
    # Certain Windows-specific network settings
    # can be pushed to clients, such as DNS
    # or WINS server addresses.  CAVEAT:
    # http://openvpn.net/faq.html#dhcpcaveats
    ;push "dhcp-option DNS 10.8.0.1"
    ;push "dhcp-option WINS 10.8.0.1"
    
    # Uncomment this directive to allow different
    # clients to be able to "see" each other.
    # By default, clients will only see the server.
    # To force clients to only see the server, you
    # will also need to appropriately firewall the
    # server's TUN/TAP interface.
    client-to-client
    
    # Uncomment this directive if multiple clients
    # might connect with the same certificate/key
    # files or common names.  This is recommended
    # only for testing purposes.  For production use,
    # each client should have its own certificate/key
    # pair.
    #
    # IF YOU HAVE NOT GENERATED INDIVIDUAL
    # CERTIFICATE/KEY PAIRS FOR EACH CLIENT,
    # EACH HAVING ITS OWN UNIQUE "COMMON NAME",
    # UNCOMMENT THIS LINE OUT.
    ;duplicate-cn
    
    # The keepalive directive causes ping-like
    # messages to be sent back and forth over
    # the link so that each side knows when
    # the other side has gone down.
    # Ping every 10 seconds, assume that remote
    # peer is down if no ping received during
    # a 120 second time period.
    keepalive 10 120
    
    # For extra security beyond that provided
    # by SSL/TLS, create an "HMAC firewall"
    # to help block DoS attacks and UDP port flooding.
    #
    # Generate with:
    #   openvpn --genkey --secret ta.key
    #
    # The server and each client must have
    # a copy of this key.
    # The second parameter should be '0'
    # on the server and '1' on the clients.
    ;tls-auth ta.key 0 # This file is secret
    
    # Select a cryptographic cipher.
    # This config item must be copied to
    # the client config file as well.
    ;cipher BF-CBC        # Blowfish (default)
    ;cipher AES-128-CBC   # AES
    ;cipher DES-EDE3-CBC  # Triple-DES
    
    # Enable compression on the VPN link.
    # If you enable it here, you must also
    # enable it in the client config file.
    comp-lzo
    
    # The maximum number of concurrently connected
    # clients we want to allow.
    ;max-clients 100
    
    # It's a good idea to reduce the OpenVPN
    # daemon's privileges after initialization.
    #
    # You can uncomment this out on
    # non-Windows systems.
    ;user nobody
    ;group nobody
    
    # The persist options will try to avoid
    # accessing certain resources on restart
    # that may no longer be accessible because
    # of the privilege downgrade.
    persist-key
    persist-tun
    
    # Output a short status file showing
    # current connections, truncated
    # and rewritten every minute.
    status openvpn-status.log
    
    # By default, log messages will go to the syslog (or
    # on Windows, if running as a service, they will go to
    # the "\Program Files\OpenVPN\log" directory).
    # Use log or log-append to override this default.
    # "log" will truncate the log file on OpenVPN startup,
    # while "log-append" will append to it.  Use one
    # or the other (but not both).
    ;log         openvpn.log
    ;log-append  openvpn.log
    
    # Set the appropriate level of log
    # file verbosity.
    #
    # 0 is silent, except for fatal errors
    # 4 is reasonable for general usage
    # 5 and 6 can help to debug connection problems
    # 9 is extremely verbose
    verb 3
    
    # Silence repeating messages.  At most 20
    # sequential messages of the same message
    # category will be output to the log.
    ;mute 20
    
    Nun kann ich von meinem Windows 7 Client den Server problemlos über seine IP-Adresse anpingen, jedoch nicht den Windows Client von meinem Server aus.
    Auch den Verbundenen CentOS 6.3 Client kann ich vom Server aus nicht anpingen.
    Hier ist die Routingtabelle des Servers:
    Code:
    Kernel-IP-Routentabelle
    Ziel            Router          Genmask         Flags Metric Ref    Use Iface
    default         fritz.box       0.0.0.0         UG    0      0        0 eth0
    10.8.0.0        10.8.0.2        255.255.255.0   UG    0      0        0 tun0
    10.8.0.2        *               255.255.255.255 UH    0      0        0 tun0
    192.168.178.0   *               255.255.255.0   U     0      0        0 eth0
    Eine Softwarefirewall ist auf dem Server nicht eingerichtet.

    Wie bekomme ich den Server nu dazu, die Clients zu erreichen?

    MfG

    Schard
     
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  3. #2 Remidemi, 22.11.2012
    Remidemi

    Remidemi Routinier

    Dabei seit:
    17.03.2008
    Beiträge:
    352
    Zustimmungen:
    0
    Ort:
    Südpfalz
    ip_forward hast du aktiv?
    Und sicher keine Firewall Regel? Setzt der OpenVPN nicht automatisch ein Verbot für ICMP ?
     
  4. #3 Gast123, 22.11.2012
    Gast123

    Gast123 Guest

    Also,

    ich habe nochmal weiter probiert:
    Der Server kann einen Linux CLient und den Windows 7 Client weiterhin nicht anpingen, obwohl diese verbundedn sind.
    Ein weiterer Linux Client im Netzwerk kann allerdings vom Windows 7 CLient und vom server aus erreicht werden.
    Ich denke daher langsam, dass es kein serverseitiges Problem ist, sondern auf dem Windows- und dem ersten Linux-Client irgendwas falsch läuft.

    MfG

    Schard
     
  5. #4 Remidemi, 23.11.2012
    Remidemi

    Remidemi Routinier

    Dabei seit:
    17.03.2008
    Beiträge:
    352
    Zustimmungen:
    0
    Ort:
    Südpfalz
    Firewall auf den Clients?
     
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Thema: OpenVPN - Server kann clients nicht erreichen.
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